[1]杨现民.建设创客课程:“创课”的内涵、特征及设计框架[J].远程教育杂志,2016,(03):003-14.[doi:10.15881/j.cnki.cn33-1304/g4.2016.03.001]
 Yang Xianmin.The Construction of Maker Course: Connotation , Characteristics and Design of “Maker Course” Framework[J].Distance Education Journal,2016,(03):003-14.[doi:10.15881/j.cnki.cn33-1304/g4.2016.03.001]
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建设创客课程:“创课”的内涵、特征及设计框架()
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《远程教育杂志》[ISSN:1006-6977/CN:61-1281/TN]

卷:
期数:
2016年03期
页码:
003-14
栏目:
理论前沿
出版日期:
2016-05-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
The Construction of Maker Course: Connotation , Characteristics and Design of “Maker Course” Framework
作者:
杨现民
江苏师范大学 智慧教育学院,江苏徐州 221116
Author(s):
Yang Xianmin
School of Smart Education, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou Jiangsu 221116
关键词:
创客教育创客课程创课创客思维建造主义设计框架
Keywords:
Maker education Maker course Maker thinking Constructionism the design of framework
分类号:
G420
DOI:
10.15881/j.cnki.cn33-1304/g4.2016.03.001
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
创客课程是创客教育生态的重要组成部分,是推进我国创客教育“落地”的重要抓手,同时也是新课程改革的重要方向和推进动力。当前,国内创客教育研究者和实践者对创客课程缺乏清晰的认识,阻碍了我国创客教育的顺利开展。创课特指服务于创客教育的创客课程,是一种有别于传统学科课程的新型课程,具有整合性、研创性、协同性等核心特征。而创客思维既是一种技能也是一种思维倾向,强调创新、创造,鼓励冒险尝试、勇于探究,注重知识的整合性运用,倡导问题意识和批判性反思。创课资源的建设,一方面需要应用创客思维对传统课程进行创客式改造;另一方面应在体验式学习理论和建造主义理论指导下,遵循趣味化、立体化、模块化和项目化四大理念,按照创课内容体系建构、创课项目设计、创课活动设计、创课评价设计这四个环节,设计全新的创客课程。
Abstract:
Maker course is not only an important part of the maker educational ecology and an important instrumentality to promote the maker education implement, but also is the essential orientation and driving force of the new curriculum reform. At present, domestic researchers and practitioners of maker education haven’t formed a clear understanding about the maker course, which hinders the smooth development of maker education. Maker course is a new type of curriculum that differ from the traditional curriculum, which refers to serve maker education. The core features of maker course include integration, research and innovation and cooperation. Maker thinking is not only the technical ability but also the thinking disposition, which emphasizes the importance of innovation and creation, the spirit of adventure and exploration. In addition, it pays attention to the integrated use of knowledge, encourages to cultivate the ability of critical thinking and problematic consciousness. On the one hand, the construction of maker course resource is required to make reformation in traditional curriculum by using maker thinking. On the other hand, with the guidance of experiential learning theory and constructivism, the construction of maker course resource should adhere to the idea of interesting, three-dimensional, modularization, projectized, according to the step of content system construction, the design of project, the design of maker course activities and the design of maker course evaluation to design the new maker course.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
基金项目:本文系江苏高校优势学科建设工程资助项目“江苏师范大学教育学省优势学科建设”(苏政办发〔2014〕37 号)和江苏省“青蓝工程”的研究成果。
更新日期/Last Update: 2016-05-16