[1]许 涛,刘 涛,杨 新,等.校园创客教育生态系统的要素及构建研究[J].远程教育杂志,2016,(05):050-58.[doi:10.15881/j.cnki.cn33-1304/g4.2016.05.005]
 Xu Tao,Liu Tao,Yang Xin,et al.Research on Key Components of Maker Education and Its Ecological Construction on Campus[J].Distance Education Journal,2016,(05):050-58.[doi:10.15881/j.cnki.cn33-1304/g4.2016.05.005]
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校园创客教育生态系统的要素及构建研究()
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《远程教育杂志》[ISSN:1006-6977/CN:61-1281/TN]

卷:
期数:
2016年05期
页码:
050-58
栏目:
理论前沿
出版日期:
2016-09-13

文章信息/Info

Title:
Research on Key Components of Maker Education and Its Ecological Construction on Campus
作者:
许 涛; 刘 涛; 杨 新; 王松涛
1. 同济大学 外国语学院;2. 同济大学 人文学院;3. 同济大学 测绘学院;4. 同济大学 经济与管理学院,上海200092
Author(s):
Xu Tao;Liu Tao; Yang Xin; Wang Songtao
School of Foreign Languages, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092
关键词:
校园创客空间创客教育教师校园创客创客教育课程生态系统
Keywords:
Maker space campus Maker education teacher Maker education campus Maker courses Ecological system
分类号:
G40-057
DOI:
10.15881/j.cnki.cn33-1304/g4.2016.05.005
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
始于美国的创客运动在传统“工匠精神”和现代制造技术的助力下,日益成为改变全球经济增长模式的重要因素,也成为全社会,尤其是教育领域的变革性力量。在“大众创业、万众创新”的国家战略规划、创新创业教育政策指引以及创客运动的启发和影响下,旨在改变传统人才培养模式的创客教育应运而生,其理念和实践成为当前政府机构、企业组织和高等教育机构培育改变经济增长模式、创新企业发展和培养创新创业人才的关键。政府、企业或学校资助建设的各类众创空间或创客空间应运而生,成为举办创客活动、孵化创意创新经济、开展创客教育的活动场所,然而,学术界迄今为止鲜有对校园创客教育生态系统构建的描述和研究,在此背景下,通过对国内外文献和创客教育实践案例的分析,梳理创客教育的概念及其发展,从校园创客的界定、创客教育教师的培养、创客教育课程和校园创客空间建设等校园创客教育生态系统构成要素的角度建构了以学生创客教育为中心、校园创客空间建设为基础、创客教育教师和创客教育课程为两翼的校园创客教育生态系统结构图,以促进国内创客教育研究和实践的发展。
Abstract:
Enhanced by craftsmanship and advanced manufacturing technologies, maker movement, starting in America less than a decade ago, has become a critical force in transforming global economic growth pattern and educational transformation. In the mean time, driven by the national strategy of “Mass Entrepreneurship and Innovation”, the national policies on entrepreneurial education, maker education, inspired by maker movement, has come into existence and been accepted as significant force in reshaping economic development model, innovating business growth patterns and developing innovative and entrepreneurial students by governments, enterprises and educational institutions. As such, maker spaces funded by governments, businesses and schools have been constructed overnight, and become the hubs for holding maker activities, brewing new economies and practicing maker education. However, the construction of sustainable ecological campus maker education system has rarely been studied and proposed academically. With this in context, the paper makes a literature review of available academic papers, magazine and newspaper articles, and blogs to track the conceptualizations and developments of maker education, different definitions of makers, training of maker teachers, maker courses and building of campus maker spaces to demonstrate the status quo of maker education and discuss its future developments. In addition, to spread maker education in a practical and sustainable way, the paper attempts to propose an ecological system of applying maker education from the perspectives of building campus maker spaces, training maker teachers, developing maker courses and student makers. In the final analysis, the paper makes a description of problems and challenges encountered in carrying out maker education to elicit more researches on it so as to arouse the attention of those interested in maker education and prompt its development on campus in the future.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
基金项目:本文系2016国家社科基金课题“联通主义幕课作为新型外语课堂教学模式的有效性影响因素研究”(课题批准号:16BYY089)、2016年“同济大学中国特色社会主义理论研究中心课题”研究成果之一。
更新日期/Last Update: 2016-09-14