[1]孙立会.开放教育基本特征的变迁——兼议MOOC之本源性问题[J].远程教育杂志,2014,(02):030-38.[doi:10.15881/j.cnki.cn33-1304/g4.2014.02.005]
 SUN Li-Hui.The Changes of The Basic Features of Open Education:Concurrently on the issue of the origin of MOOC[J].Distance Education Journal,2014,(02):030-38.[doi:10.15881/j.cnki.cn33-1304/g4.2014.02.005]
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开放教育基本特征的变迁——兼议MOOC之本源性问题()
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《远程教育杂志》[ISSN:1006-6977/CN:61-1281/TN]

卷:
期数:
2014年02期
页码:
030-38
栏目:
理论前沿
出版日期:
2014-04-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
The Changes of The Basic Features of Open Education:Concurrently on the issue of the origin of MOOC
作者:
孙立会
北京师范大学 教育学部,北京 100875
Author(s):
SUN Li-Hui
Faculty of Education,Beijing Normal University,BeiJing 100875
关键词:
开放教育教育资源MOOC本源性
Keywords:
Open Education Educational Resources MOOC Origin
分类号:
G40-057
DOI:
10.15881/j.cnki.cn33-1304/g4.2014.02.005
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
随着网络技术的进步及终身教育思想的影响,开放教育基本特征发生了四次巨大变迁。学习资源的免费获得拉开了开放教育的“闸门”,在一定程度上减轻了学习者的经济负担。但是,面对过于丰富的学习资源,学习者往往容易产生信息迷航,所以开放教育研究者把网络学习资源根据学习者的学习目的进行了深度整合,并且,可以通过网络互联,建立属于自己的学术共同体,降低学习者在学习过程中的孤独感。然而,伴随着2012年开始流行的大规模开放网络课程(MOOC)这一新教育术语又一次打破了开放教育的壁垒,可以免费在线给学习者提供更加个性化和人性化的讲座服务。文章中重点介绍了MOOC可能会给开放教育带来的各种契机与挑战,然而,MOOC也存在着远程教育中的一些本源性障碍,这也是不能回避的问题。每一次的变迁,都给高等教育带来深刻的影响,加速了高等教育教学方式的不断调整与改变,但值得注意的是使用网络技术来代替教育并不是最终的解决方案,网络的好玩儿已经超乎了人类的想象,利用网络来解决教育教学中的问题,会在某种程度上增加学习者罹患网络“精神病”的可能。当然,我们可以用网络技术把大学变得更加有效率、更加完善,但大学校园依旧有其独特性。
Abstract:
With the progress of network technology and the influence of the life-long education thought, open education has four huge changes happened. Free access to learning resources opened the "gate" of the open education, to a certain extent, it reduce the learners’ economic burden. But, in the face of overly abundant learning resources, learners tend to produce information trek, so the open education researchers put network learning resources for the depth of integration according to the purpose of learning, and can be connected through the network, set up their own academic community, reduce the loneliness of learners in the earning process. However, ?began in 2012 with?massive open online courses popular?(MOOC) which is a new?educational terms?once again?broke?open education?barriers,?to provide more personalized?and humanized?lecture services?available online for free?to the learners. This paper focuses on the opportunities and challenges, MOOC may bring to the open education, however, MOOC also exist some original obstacles in distance education, this is also an unavoidable problems. Every change of open education brings the profound influence to the higher education, it accelerated the higher education teaching methods constantly adjust and change, but it is worth noting that the use of network technology to take the place of education is not the final solution, the pleasure of network has been beyond human imagination, the use of network to solve the problems in the education teaching, will increase to some extent the learners develop network "mental illness". Of course, we can use the network technology to the university to become more efficient and more perfect, but the university campus still has its uniqueness.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2014-04-01