[1]姜强,赵蔚.MOOCs:从缘起演变到实践新常态——兼论“创客”、“互联网+”时代的发展机遇与挑战[J].远程教育杂志,2015,(03):056-64.[doi:10.15881/j.cnki.cn33-1304/g4.2015.03.009]
 Jiang Qiang,Zhao Wei.MOOCs: From the Origin and Evolution to New Normal of Practice: On Development Opportunity and Challenge in "Maker" and "Internet+" Era[J].Distance Education Journal,2015,(03):056-64.[doi:10.15881/j.cnki.cn33-1304/g4.2015.03.009]
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MOOCs:从缘起演变到实践新常态——兼论“创客”、“互联网+”时代的发展机遇与挑战()
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《远程教育杂志》[ISSN:1006-6977/CN:61-1281/TN]

卷:
期数:
2015年03期
页码:
056-64
栏目:
深度阐述
出版日期:
2015-05-18

文章信息/Info

Title:
MOOCs: From the Origin and Evolution to New Normal of Practice: On Development Opportunity and Challenge in "Maker" and "Internet+" Era
作者:
姜强;赵蔚
东北师范大学 计算机科学与信息技术学院,吉林长春 130117
Author(s):
Jiang Qiang ; Zhao Wei
School of Computer Science and Information Technology, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, Jilin 130117
关键词:
MOOCscMOOCsxMOOCs创客互联网+
Keywords:
MOOCs cMOOCs xMOOCs Maker Internet+
分类号:
G420
DOI:
10.15881/j.cnki.cn33-1304/g4.2015.03.009
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
MOOCs逐渐改变了学生学和教师教的方式,能为大量学习者免费提供优质课程资源,其交互特性实现学生与教师、资源的相融共生。根据马克思主义哲学,MOOCs诞生是偶然中的必然,始于开放教育资源并逐步演变为cMOOCs、xMOOCs及smOOCs、bMOOCs、MOOR等多种类型。然而,任何事物,只要是在短时间内获得爆发式增长,毫无疑问都会受到批评,MOOCs也不例外。针对学习者群体身份呈金字塔形状,需要依据联通主义、行为主义、认知主义和建构主义学习理论等制定MOOCs设计质量规范,重构知识体系,促进自主学习,提升完课率。从发展路径(智慧学习)、受众对象(多元化)、学习模式(混合式)、本体演化(SPOC)及重点发展方向(教育公平)等五方面加强MOOCs实践常态化建设,是对MOOCs本土化重识。伴随着“创客”、“互联网+”时代到来,给新时期MOOCs发展迎来新机遇、新挑战,急需推动创业类课程建设,解决就业与创新能力培养及拓展个性化学习,走进MOOCs2.0时代,从知识共享走向知识创造,促进其健康、和谐、可持续动态发展。
Abstract:
MOOCs have increasingly changed the way of students’ learning and teachers’ teaching, provided free courses for a lot of learners in the world and achieved the symbiotic relationship between the learners, teachers and resources based on its interactive features. Based on a literature review of the related researches, the origin and evolution of MOOCs is deeply analyzed, and the theoritical framework of MOOCs and learning group and operation model of MOOCs are elaborated. Under the background of new generation of mobile technology and big data analytic technology, normalization construction of MOOCs has been proposed from development path (smart learning), target audience (diversification), learning model (hybrid), ontology evolution (SPOC) and developing direction (educational equality). With the coming of "Maker" and "Internet+" era, entrepreneurship courses, employment, innovation and personalized learning (MOOCs2.0) are emphasized during the development of MOOCs, so as to realize from knowledge sharing to knowledge creation.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
基金项目:本文系全国教育科学“十二五”规划教育部重点课题“可视化技术支持下学科知识自主学习模型研究”(DCA130224)、教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金项目“基于知识图谱的开放学习资源自主聚合研究”(项目编号:14YJA880103)、吉林省教育厅“十二五”社会科学研究规划项目“碎片化学习视域下基于智能手机的大学生移动学习认知及对策研究”(项目编号: 1405073)、东北师范大学哲学社会科学校内青年基金团队项目“吉林农村中小学教师远程学习适应性研究” (项目编号:130021049)“中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金”资助阶段性成果。
更新日期/Last Update: 2015-05-25