[1]权国龙,冯园园,冯仰存,等.面向知识的可视化技术分析与观察[J].远程教育杂志,2016,(01):090-98.[doi:10.15881/j.cnki.cn33-1304/g4.2016.01.011]
 Quan Guolong,Feng Yuanyuan,Feng Yangcun,et al.Analysis and Observation of Knowledge-oriented Visualization Technology[J].Distance Education Journal,2016,(01):090-98.[doi:10.15881/j.cnki.cn33-1304/g4.2016.01.011]
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面向知识的可视化技术分析与观察()
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《远程教育杂志》[ISSN:1006-6977/CN:61-1281/TN]

卷:
期数:
2016年01期
页码:
090-98
栏目:
学术视点
出版日期:
2016-01-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Analysis and Observation of Knowledge-oriented Visualization Technology
作者:
权国龙; 冯园园; 冯仰存; 顾小清
华东师范大学 教育信息技术学系,上海 200062
Author(s):
Quan Guolong; Feng Yuanyuan; Feng Yangcun; Gu Xiaoqing
Department of Education Information Technology, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062
关键词:
知识可视化可视化方法可视化工具可视化技术发展
Keywords:
Knowledge visualization Visualization methods Visualization tools Development of visualization technology
分类号:
G434
DOI:
10.15881/j.cnki.cn33-1304/g4.2016.01.011
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
可视化技术以其直观、易接入的特性,得以在虚拟和数字世界的应用研究中逐渐兴盛。在技术介入的教与学的研究中,面向知识的可视化技术值得进一步观察,包括对可视化的视角、方法、工具及其应用的整理、分析,以便能够深化其设计与应用。目前对其研究主要有传播、视觉文化和信息论三个视角,可视化方法主要有:用图形图像还原知识本源、用概念、命题反映关系、用统计分析揭示规律和用仿真模拟反映事物本质与过程四种,表现出侧重表达呈现、分析呈现和模拟呈现的功能特点,可视化元素周期表、CmapTool和Insightmaker三种工具是这三种功能特点的典型代表。图形图像形态、概念合语义网络形式和可视模拟方式是三大可视化设计与应用系列。可视化技术功能形态大体上有“拟象”和“解析”两种。认知取向的可视化知识设计与实际应用是一个重要的选择,可以从作为认知结果的知识、作为知识源泉的情境和作为认知生成的动态交互三个方面加强。
Abstract:
Visualization technology, with the characteristics of intuition and accessibility, has been attracting the researchers’ attention in the field of visual and digital application research. In the researches on teaching integrated with technology, it needs further observation in knowledge-oriented visualization technology, including perspectives, methods and tools of visualization technology and analysis of the application of visualization technology, so as to improve its design and application. Based on three perspectives of transmission, visual culture and information theory, there are four processes about visualization methods, which are restoring source knowledge with graphic images, reflecting the relationship with concept and proposition, revealing laws with statistical analysis and indicating the nature of things with simulation. It represents the features of showing presentation, analyzing presentation and simulating presentation. The periodic table of visualization methods, CmapTools and Insightmaker are typical tools corresponding to the features. Graph form, the concept of semantic web and visual analogue mode are the three series of visual design and application. In function, "to be like" and "resolution" are two types of visualization technology morphology. Cognitive-oriented visualization design and practical application are important options that can be strengthened from the cognitive knowledge, the situation of source knowledge and the cognitive-generated dynamic interaction.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
基金项目:本文系 2011 年度新世纪优秀人才计划“基于个人数字终端的信息化创新应用研究:资源、服务及应用实例”(课题编号:NCET-11-0140);国家社科基金“十二五”规划 2012 年度教育学一般课题“以‘语义图示’实现可视化知识表征与建模的理论与实践研究”(课题编号:BCA120024)的研究成果。
更新日期/Last Update: 2016-01-15