[1]郁晓华,肖 敏,王美玲,等.基于可视化编程的计算思维培养模式研究——兼论信息技术课堂中计算思维的培养[J].远程教育杂志,2017,(06):012-20.[doi:10.15881/j.cnki.cn33-1304/g4.2017.06.002]
 Yu Xiaohua,Xiao Min,Wang Meiling,et al.Research on the Model of Developing Computational Thinking based on Visual Programming:Also on the Cultivation of Computational Thinking in Information Technology Classroom[J].Distance Education Journal,2017,(06):012-20.[doi:10.15881/j.cnki.cn33-1304/g4.2017.06.002]
点击复制

基于可视化编程的计算思维培养模式研究——兼论信息技术课堂中计算思维的培养()
分享到:

《远程教育杂志》[ISSN:1006-6977/CN:61-1281/TN]

卷:
期数:
2017年06期
页码:
012-20
栏目:
前沿探索
出版日期:
2017-11-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Research on the Model of Developing Computational Thinking based on Visual Programming:Also on the Cultivation of Computational Thinking in Information Technology Classroom
作者:
郁晓华; 肖 敏; 王美玲; 陈 妍
1.华东师范大学 教育学部 教育信息技术学系,上海 200062;2.合肥第四十八中教育集团 滨湖校区,安徽合肥 230000
Author(s):
Yu Xiaohua; Xiao Min; Wang Meiling; Chen Yan
1.Department of Education Information Technology, East China Normal University, Shanghai, 200062, 2. Hefei Forty-eighth China Education Group Binhu Campus, Hefei Anhui 230000
关键词:
计算思维可视化编程问题探究App Inventor人工智能编程教育
Keywords:
Computational thinking Visual programming Problem solving App inventor Artificial intelligence Information technology class
分类号:
G434
DOI:
10.15881/j.cnki.cn33-1304/g4.2017.06.002
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
计算思维对信息时代的科技创新和人才创新至关重要,中小学信息技术课堂是计算思维培养的主要落脚点。但是,当前的课堂侧重于技术工具的学习,不利于学生计算思维的发展。可视化编程工具的出现,为计算思维的培养转变提供了新的契机。基于可视化编程的计算思维培养模式,将项目问题的逻辑组织从拆解转变为叠加,并配合教案的引导与学案的支持,可关注到每个学生的思维发展。运用可视化编程工具App Inventor开展该模式的教学实践,实验结果初步显示:学生的计算思维在计算概念水平上整体得到有效提升,在问题解决的形式化和模型化上的改变也表现明显。该模式的提出和实验验证,可为进一步在中小学信息技术课堂中研究利用可视化编程培养学生计算思维,提供有效的实践指导。
Abstract:
Computational thinking is crucial to technological innovation and personal innovation in the information age, and the information technology class in primary and secondary schools is the main foothold of cultivating computational thinking. However, current classes focus on the learning of technical tools and are not conducive to the development of students’ computational thinking. The emergence of visual programming tools provides a new opportunity for the training of computational thinking. This paper proposes a model of developing computational thinking based on visual programming. With the support of the teaching plan and learning plan, this model transforms the logical organization of the project from disassembly to overlay and fits individual differences to concern every student’s computational thinking development. By using App Inventor, which is one of visual programming tools, to carry out the teaching practice based on this model, the experimental results preliminary show that students’ computational thinking has been effectively promoted in terms of computational concepts and the changes in formalization and modeling of solving problems are also obvious. Through proposing this model and verifying its validity, some feasible research ideas for further studies by using visual programming to cultivate students’ computational thinking are provided.

相似文献/References:

[1]陈凯泉,何 瑶,仲国强.人工智能视域下的信息素养内涵转型及AI教育目标定位——兼论基础教育阶段AI课程与教学的实施路径[J].远程教育杂志,2018,(01):061.[doi:10.15881/j.cnki.cn33-1304/g4.2018.01.006]
 Chen Kaiquan,He Yao,Zhong Guoqiang.The Transformation of Information Literacy Connotation in Artificial Intelligence(AI) Perspective and Target Positioning of Artificial Intelligence(AI) Education:Also on the Implementation Path of Artificial Intelligence Teaching in Basic Education[J].Distance Education Journal,2018,(06):061.[doi:10.15881/j.cnki.cn33-1304/g4.2018.01.006]
[2]陈蕙若,姚中瑞,钟琳,等.引领学习的改变——AECT2017年会评述与思考[J].远程教育杂志,2018,(01):003.[doi:10.15881/j.cnki.cn33-1304/g4.2018.01.001]
 Chen Huiruo,Yao Zhongrui,Zhong Lin,et al.Leading Learning for Change: Commenting and Reflecting on AECT 2017 International Convention[J].Distance Education Journal,2018,(06):003.[doi:10.15881/j.cnki.cn33-1304/g4.2018.01.001]
[3]郁晓华,肖 敏,王美玲.计算思维培养进行时:在K-12阶段的实践方法与评价[J].远程教育杂志,2018,(02):018.[doi:10.15881/j.cnki.cn33-1304/g4.2018.02.002]
 Yu Xiaohua,Xiao Min,Wang Meiling.Cultivation of Computational Thinking in Progress : Practice and Evaluation of Computational Thinking in K-12[J].Distance Education Journal,2018,(06):018.[doi:10.15881/j.cnki.cn33-1304/g4.2018.02.002]
[4]范文翔,张一春,李 艺.国内外计算思维研究与发展综述[J].远程教育杂志,2018,(02):003.[doi:10.15881/j.cnki.cn33-1304/g4.2018.02.001]
 Fan Wenxiang,Zhang Yichun,Li Yi.A Review of the Research on Computational Thinking both Domestic and Overseas[J].Distance Education Journal,2018,(06):003.[doi:10.15881/j.cnki.cn33-1304/g4.2018.02.001]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
基金项目:本文系全国教育科学“十二五”规划2013 年度教育部重点课题“智慧教育视域下学习活动流及其信息模型建构与应用”(编号:DCA130222)研究成果。
更新日期/Last Update: 2017-11-16