[1]王 雪,周 围,王志军.教学视频中交互控制促进有意义学习的实验研究[J].远程教育杂志,2018,(01):097-105.[doi:10.15881/j.cnki.cn33-1304/g4.2018.01.010]
 Wang Xue,Zhou Wei,Wang Zhijun.An Experimental Research on Interactive Control in Teaching Videos to Promote Meaningful Learning[J].Distance Education Journal,2018,(01):097-105.[doi:10.15881/j.cnki.cn33-1304/g4.2018.01.010]
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教学视频中交互控制促进有意义学习的实验研究()
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《远程教育杂志》[ISSN:1006-6977/CN:61-1281/TN]

卷:
期数:
2018年01期
页码:
097-105
栏目:
学习新论
出版日期:
2018-01-11

文章信息/Info

Title:
An Experimental Research on Interactive Control in Teaching Videos to Promote Meaningful Learning
作者:
王 雪; 周 围 ; 王志军
天津师范大学 教育科学学院,天津 300387
Author(s):
Wang Xue; Zhou Wei; Wang Zhijun
College of Education Science, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387
关键词:
教学视频交互眼动学习体验学习效果有意义学习
Keywords:
Teaching Video Interactive Eye Movement Learning Experience Learning Effect Meaningful Learning
分类号:
G420
DOI:
10.15881/j.cnki.cn33-1304/g4.2018.01.010
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
教学视频中交互设计的目的在于激发学习者的主观能动性,引导学习者主动学习、建构知识体系,从而促进有意义学习结果的发生。为了探究陈述性知识和程序性知识教学视频中交互控制程度的合理化设计,将交互控制程度划分为无选择、选择既定顺序、完全自主选择三种类型。105名大学生被随机分为三组,分别使用三种交互控制程度对两种知识类型(陈述性、程序性)的教学视频进行学习,利用眼动仪实时记录学习者的视觉认知过程,学习结束后对学习效果和学习体验进行测试。研究结果表明:在陈述性知识教学视频中,交互控制程度越高(完全自主选择>选择既定顺序>无选择),就越能吸引学习者的视觉注意力,有效控制认知负荷,促进学习者积极的认知活动和有意义学习,从而获得更好的学习体验和学习效果;在程序性知识视频中,交互控制程度的作用则有所不同,完全自主选择也是最优的交互控制程度,可以帮助学习者有效控制认知负荷,获得最优的视觉认知行为、学习体验和学习效果,但是应该避免使用选择既定顺序的交互控制程度,会对程序性知识的技能转化与应用产生干扰,阻碍有意义学习结果的发生。
Abstract:
The purpose of interaction design in teaching videos is to stimulate learners’ subjective initiative, to guide learners to take the initiative to learn and to construct the knowledge system proactively, so as to promote the occurrence of meaningful learning results. In order to explore the rational design of interactive control method in declarative and procedural knowledge teaching videos, it is divided into three types: no choice, choice of the established order, and the completely independent choice. 105 college students are randomly divided into three groups using two types of knowledge (declarative, procedural) under three types of interactive control teaching videos to learn. The visual perception process is recorded by eye tracker in real time, and the learning effect and learning experience are tested after learning. The results show that the higher the degree of interactive control in declarative knowledge teaching videos (completely independent choice> choice of established order> no choice), the more it can attract learners’ visual attention, effective control of cognitive load, promote learners’ cognitive activities and meaningful learning actively, so as to get a better learning experience and learning effect. The role of interactive control in procedural knowledge videos is different. The completely independent choice is also the optimal interactive control mode, which can help learners to effectively control cognitive load, to obtain optimal visual cognitive behavior, learning experience and learning effect. However, it should avoid using the interactive control method of selecting the established order, which will interfere with the transformation and application of procedural knowledge skills and hinder the occurrence of meaningful learning results.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
基金项目:本文系2017年度国家社科基金“十三五”规划教育学课题“信息化教育资源优化设计的语言工具:‘多媒体画面语言学’创新性理论与应用研究”(项目编号:BCA170079)的研究成果。
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-01-17