[1]范文翔,张一春,李 艺.国内外计算思维研究与发展综述[J].远程教育杂志,2018,(02):003-17.[doi:10.15881/j.cnki.cn33-1304/g4.2018.02.001]
 Fan Wenxiang,Zhang Yichun,Li Yi.A Review of the Research on Computational Thinking both Domestic and Overseas[J].Distance Education Journal,2018,(02):003-17.[doi:10.15881/j.cnki.cn33-1304/g4.2018.02.001]
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国内外计算思维研究与发展综述()
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《远程教育杂志》[ISSN:1006-6977/CN:61-1281/TN]

卷:
期数:
2018年02期
页码:
003-17
栏目:
前沿探索
出版日期:
2018-03-23

文章信息/Info

Title:
A Review of the Research on Computational Thinking both Domestic and Overseas
作者:
范文翔; 张一春; 李 艺
南京师范大学 教育科学学院,江苏南京 210097
Author(s):
Fan Wenxiang; Zhang Yichun; Li Yi
School of Education Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing Jiangsu 210097
关键词:
计算思维内容分析法编程语言计算机科学信息技术计算思维教育编程教育Python
Keywords:
Computational Content Analysis Programming Language Computer Science Computational Thinking Education Programming Education Python
分类号:
G420
DOI:
10.15881/j.cnki.cn33-1304/g4.2018.02.001
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
计算思维作为计算时代的新产物,是一种可以灵活运用计算工具与方法求解问题的思想方法,对促进人的整体发展和终身发展具有不可替代的重要作用。为了更好的了解计算思维领域的研究现状,运用内容分析法分别对国内外计算思维相关文献进行分析。研究发现:当前国内计算思维研究处于初级阶段,理论研究主要关注计算思维的概念、内涵、特征与价值,应用研究层次主要集中在高等教育阶段,主要聚焦于对计算思维培养策略、计算思维教学模式和计算思维支持系统的设计与开发三个方面。国外计算思维研究已处于成熟的早期阶段,理论研究主要关注对计算思维的解读,应用研究的层次主要集中在K-12 阶段,主要关于计算思维的教学问题、促进计算思维教育的工具以及计算思维的评价。今后,国内计算思维的研究应高度重视基础教育阶段的计算思维教育,不仅要以编程语言进课堂为契机探索计算思维的有效培养,还应尝试利用计算工具构建有效的计算思维学习环境。此外,还应重点关注计算思维评价体系的建立与培养效果的检验。
Abstract:
As an innovation in the computing era, computational thinking is a fresh thinking mode which can flexibly adopt computing tools and methods to solve problems, as well as plays an irreplaceable role in promoting people’s overall and lifelong development. In order to obtain a comprehensive understanding of the current research situation in which the field of computational thinking is, the present study was conducted by using the method of content analysis and taking the relevant literature, both domestic and oversea, as research samples. The findings show that: at present, domestic researches concerning computational thinking are in an initial stage, among which the theoretical investigation is mainly into the conception, connotation, characteristics and value of computational thinking, and most of the applied investigation pays close attention to three aspects: the cultivation strategies, instruction modes, as well as designing and developing support systems of computational thinking in higher education, while, simultaneously, foreign studies have already stood in the early maturity stage, in which the theoretical investigation chiefly focuses on the interpretation of computational thinking, and the applied investigation mainly concerns with: the pedagogic implication, supporting tools and evaluation of computational thinking in K-12 education. It is sufficiently evidenced that, henceforth, the domestic research on computational thinking should attach great importance to computational thinking education in primary education, not only exploring effective cultivation strategies of computational thinking as programming language is widely taught in classroom, but also trying to construct efficient learning environment for computing thinking in terms of utilizing various computing tools. In addition, the construction of evaluation framework and test for cultivation effect of computing thinking should be highlighted.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
基金项目:本文受教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金项目“高职教师信息化教学能力发展研究”(项目编号:15YJA880108);江苏省教育科学“十三五”规划2016年度课题“基于‘互联网+’的中小学智慧教育平台的建设与应用”(项目编号:B-b/2016/01/29);江苏省高等教育教改研究重点课题“历史视域下的江苏教育技术发展与教学促进研究”(项目编号:2017JSJG425);江苏高校优势学科建设工程资助项目(项目编号:PAPD)与重庆师范大学研究生科研创新项目“基于AHP的高校重点学科建设质量评价指标体系研究——以重庆市高校为例”(项目编号:YKC17013)资助
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-03-23