[1]郁晓华,肖 敏,王美玲.计算思维培养进行时:在K-12阶段的实践方法与评价[J].远程教育杂志,2018,(02):018-28.[doi:10.15881/j.cnki.cn33-1304/g4.2018.02.002]
 Yu Xiaohua,Xiao Min,Wang Meiling.Cultivation of Computational Thinking in Progress : Practice and Evaluation of Computational Thinking in K-12[J].Distance Education Journal,2018,(02):018-28.[doi:10.15881/j.cnki.cn33-1304/g4.2018.02.002]
点击复制

计算思维培养进行时:在K-12阶段的实践方法与评价()
分享到:

《远程教育杂志》[ISSN:1006-6977/CN:61-1281/TN]

卷:
期数:
2018年02期
页码:
018-28
栏目:
前沿探索
出版日期:
2018-03-23

文章信息/Info

Title:
Cultivation of Computational Thinking in Progress : Practice and Evaluation of Computational Thinking in K-12
作者:
郁晓华; 肖 敏; 王美玲
华东师范大学 教育信息技术学系,上海 200062
Author(s):
Yu Xiaohua; Xiao Min; Wang Meiling
Department of Education Information Technology, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062
关键词:
计算思维K-12编程评价信息技术课程
Keywords:
Computational Thinking K-12 Programming Evaluation Information Technology Class
分类号:
G420
DOI:
10.15881/j.cnki.cn33-1304/g4.2018.02.002
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
随着计算的重要性及其变革力量在社会生活生产中的日益关键,计算思维成为21世纪每个人都应该具备的基本能力之一,而K-12阶段开始成为计算思维培养的新阵地。在分析国内外K-12阶段计算思维培养相关文献和实践的基础上,计算思维在实践中的认知和理解被加以整理和归纳,并与编程思维等相关概念进行了区分;而关于各国/地区计算思维培养开展的情况,也从课程/项目、培养标准、研究机构、实施工具和师资培训多个维度进行梳理和总结,同时还介绍了计算思维的跨学科应用;重点归纳了计算思维培养实践中标准体系的发展以及所使用的评价方法。基于此,从计算思维培养的核心任务、重要目标和关键工作三个方面提出相关建议,以期对我国K-12阶段计算思维培养的实施提供一定参考。
Abstract:
Computational Thinking (CT) has become one of the basic abilities that everyone should possess in 21 Century. With the importance of computing and its reforming force intensifying in social life, K-12 is beginning to become a new front for the cultivation of CT. Based on the analysis of related literatures and practices in CT cultivation at K-12 phase, the cognitions and understandings of CT in practice are sorted out and summarized, and related concepts such as programming thinking are distinguished. From the perspectives of curriculum / project, standards, research institutions, implementation tools and teacher training, the developments of CT in various countries are summarized, also with the interdisciplinary application of CT. The emphasis is put on the development of standard systems and evaluation methods used in CT practice. Some suggestions are put forward for the implementation of CT cultivation in K-12 in China from three aspects of core tasks, important goals and key tasks of CT cultivation.

相似文献/References:

[1]石小岑.美国K-12混合式学习模式变革的多元化路径[J].远程教育杂志,2016,(01):053.[doi:10.15881/j.cnki.cn33-1304/g4.2016.01.006]
 Shi Xiaocen.Diversified Path of American K-12 Blended Learning Revolution[J].Distance Education Journal,2016,(02):053.[doi:10.15881/j.cnki.cn33-1304/g4.2016.01.006]
[2]郁晓华,肖 敏,王美玲,等.基于可视化编程的计算思维培养模式研究——兼论信息技术课堂中计算思维的培养[J].远程教育杂志,2017,(06):012.[doi:10.15881/j.cnki.cn33-1304/g4.2017.06.002]
 Yu Xiaohua,Xiao Min,Wang Meiling,et al.Research on the Model of Developing Computational Thinking based on Visual Programming:Also on the Cultivation of Computational Thinking in Information Technology Classroom[J].Distance Education Journal,2017,(02):012.[doi:10.15881/j.cnki.cn33-1304/g4.2017.06.002]
[3]陈凯泉,何 瑶,仲国强.人工智能视域下的信息素养内涵转型及AI教育目标定位——兼论基础教育阶段AI课程与教学的实施路径[J].远程教育杂志,2018,(01):061.[doi:10.15881/j.cnki.cn33-1304/g4.2018.01.006]
 Chen Kaiquan,He Yao,Zhong Guoqiang.The Transformation of Information Literacy Connotation in Artificial Intelligence(AI) Perspective and Target Positioning of Artificial Intelligence(AI) Education:Also on the Implementation Path of Artificial Intelligence Teaching in Basic Education[J].Distance Education Journal,2018,(02):061.[doi:10.15881/j.cnki.cn33-1304/g4.2018.01.006]
[4]陈蕙若,姚中瑞,钟琳,等.引领学习的改变——AECT2017年会评述与思考[J].远程教育杂志,2018,(01):003.[doi:10.15881/j.cnki.cn33-1304/g4.2018.01.001]
 Chen Huiruo,Yao Zhongrui,Zhong Lin,et al.Leading Learning for Change: Commenting and Reflecting on AECT 2017 International Convention[J].Distance Education Journal,2018,(02):003.[doi:10.15881/j.cnki.cn33-1304/g4.2018.01.001]
[5]范文翔,张一春,李 艺.国内外计算思维研究与发展综述[J].远程教育杂志,2018,(02):003.[doi:10.15881/j.cnki.cn33-1304/g4.2018.02.001]
 Fan Wenxiang,Zhang Yichun,Li Yi.A Review of the Research on Computational Thinking both Domestic and Overseas[J].Distance Education Journal,2018,(02):003.[doi:10.15881/j.cnki.cn33-1304/g4.2018.02.001]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
基金项目:本文系全国教育科学“十二五”规划2013年度教育部重点课题“智慧教育视域下学习活动流及其信息模型建构与应用”(项目编号:DCA130222)的研究成果。
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-03-23