[1]吴 忭,王 戈,盛海曦.认知网络分析法:STEM教育中的学习评价新思路[J].远程教育杂志,2018,(06):003-10.[doi:10.15881/j.cnki.cn33-1304/g4.2018.06.001]
 Wu Bian,Wang Ge,Sheng Haixi.Epistemic Network Analysis: A New Idea for Learning Assessment in STEM Education[J].Distance Education Journal,2018,(06):003-10.[doi:10.15881/j.cnki.cn33-1304/g4.2018.06.001]
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认知网络分析法:STEM教育中的学习评价新思路()
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《远程教育杂志》[ISSN:1006-6977/CN:61-1281/TN]

卷:
期数:
2018年06期
页码:
003-10
栏目:
前沿探索
出版日期:
2018-11-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Epistemic Network Analysis: A New Idea for Learning Assessment in STEM Education
作者:
吴 忭; 王 戈; 盛海曦
华东师范大学 教育学部 教育信息技术学系,上海 200062
Author(s):
Wu Bian; Wang Ge; Sheng Haixi
Department of Educational Information Technology, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062
关键词:
STEM教育ENA以证据为中心的评估设计认知框架认知网络分析
Keywords:
STEM Education Evidence-centered Design Epistemic Frame Epistemic Network Analysis
分类号:
G420
DOI:
10.15881/j.cnki.cn33-1304/g4.2018.06.001
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
在知识与经济全球化的时代背景下,培养合格的STEM人才成为各国提升国家竞争力的人力资源基础,但STEM教育的跨学科特性和项目式学习方式给学习评估带来挑战。单纯的质性或量化分析难以获得反映学生能力水平的真实、可靠的证据,而认知网络分析法(Epistemic Network Analysis,ENA)作为二者的结合为促进评估效能提供了新思路。ENA将个人(或团体)的认知框架元素之间的联系作为证据,生成动态网络模型,对其思维加工、学习过程等进行分析,高效、便捷地评估“对象”间动态耦合关系以获得学习者专业思维发展的全貌。工程设计中的专业思维评价、项目协作中的可穿戴分析、游戏设计中的师生认知发展轨迹分析,是STEM教育中的三个典型研究案例。案例分析表明,ENA作为一种量化民族志的数据分析方法,使质性和量化研究相融合,为最终得出的量化模型赋予了质性数据的意义。其在技术本质、分析层析及应用价值等方面,为STEM教育及其它领域的测评提供新范式。
Abstract:
Behind the wave of knowledge and economic globalization, cultivating qualified STEM professionals has become the human resource requirement for a country to enhance its global competitiveness. However, the interdisciplinary nature of STEM education and the project-based approach in STEM learning pose challenges to assessment of complex STEM competence. Either qualitative or quantitative analysis cannot provide reliable evidence reflecting a student’s competence level. To address this issue, epistemic network analysis (ENA) as a combination of two methods provides a new idea for promoting assessment effectiveness. ENA uses the connections between the elements of a cognitive frame for individuals (or groups) to generate a network model. It can offer comprehensive evaluation of the evolving relationships between multiple dimensions of a learner’s professional thinking. This paper selected three typical cases, including modeling of engineering design thinking, wearable analysis in project collaboration and analyzing cognitive development trajectory within student-teacher interaction and discussed the research context, analysis perspective, technical issue and application value of ENA approach, which, in turn, provided a possible solution for learning assessment of STEM learning and other complex learning fields.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
基金项目:本文系教育部人文社会科学青年基金“协作问题解决能力在线测评研究”(16YJC880085)和华东师范大学教学改革与研究项目(40400-10201-511232/115)的研究成果。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01